Elisabeth Toubro studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts (1979-86) under the professors Hein Heinesen and Stig Brøgger. 1993-94 she was a temporary associate professor at the Academy, and 1995-96 she did research at the University of Copenhagen's Department of Urbanity and Aesthetics.
Since 1999 she has been a member of the Academy of Fine Arts and the Ministry of Culture's committee on art, design, architecture and conservation. She lives and works in Copenhagen.
Toubro contributed to the exhibition "Inertia, min Elskede. Transstrukturelle skulpturer" (Inertia, My Love. Transstructural Sculptures) at Galleri Sub-Set in 1983 with Morten Stræde and Øivind Nygård. The exhibition marked the introduction of Postmodern sculpture in Denmark and its significance has been compared with the breakthrough exhibition of the 'Young Wild painters', The Knife on the Head, in 1982 at Tranegården.
In addition Toubro has participated in the exhibitions "Toppen utan staket in Stockholm" (1982), "Skulpturens tid" at Sophienholm (1987), "Inferno" at Statens Museum for Kunst (1993), "Elisabeth Toubro" at Danish Contemporary Art in New York (1994), "Par i kunsten" at Norrköpings Kunstmuseum (1996) and most recently the retrospective "Goelms Øer - værker af Elisabeth Toubro fra 1983 til 2004" in Brandts Klædefabrik in Odense (2004).
Toubro has received several grants, including the Danish Arts Foundation's three years working scholarship 1988, Einar Hansens Forskningsfond's scholarship 1988, Anna Klindt Sørensens Fond’s grant 1991, Martha and Paul René Gauguin's grant 1992, and in 1999 the Eckersberg Medal and Anne Marie Telmányi’s grant.
Toubro has executed a number of public decorations, including Byfraktal at The Black Diamond (The Royal Library) in Copenhagen and Torvenes Båndsløjfe in Aarhus in front of the Cathedral.
Furthermore she is represented at Statens Museum for Kunst, the Department of Prints and Drawings, the Danish Arts Foundation, Vestsjællands Kunstmuseum in Sorø and Moderna Museet in Stockholm.